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 Defensive Driving

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Shogun31
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PostSubject: Defensive Driving   Thu Apr 26, 2007 6:57 pm

Para sa newbies......

DEFENSIVE DRIVING (TECHNIQUES, ROAD COURTESY AND SAFETY)

Defensive driving is often defined as preventing crashes before they occur, it is the demonstration of an attitude, awareness and driving skills such as:

1. Stay alert and keep eyes moving so that you can keep track of what is happening at all times;
2. Look for trouble spots developing around you;
3. Have a plan of action if the other driver does the wrong thing; and
4. Know that the law requires drivers to protect each other from their own mistakes.

A Defensive Driver must:

1. Be able to keep a safe driving record.
2. Have a positive attitude on road safety.
3. Be physically and mentally fit to drive.
4. Have received proper training before driving.

Factors that Affect Driving

Attitude

A defensive driver must develop and demonstrate an attitude that:

1. Shows concern for other road users;
2. Recognizes that other road users will make mistakes;
3. Knows no journey is so urgent that a safe speed can be maintained;
4. Driving is a skill which requires the application of good techniques; and
5. Believes that safe driving requires an alert mind at all times.

Behavior

An ideal defensive driver:

1. Always clean a seatbelts;
2. Keeps within the advisory speed limit;
3. Constantly scans the road for potential hazard;
4. Signals his intentions at all times and
5. Shows courtesy at all times.

The factors affecting the behavior of the driver are the following alcohol, drugs, and fatigue.

Right Mental Attitude

A defensive driver always maintain a safe caution of distance in front and behind his vehicles by: a) observing the four-second rule b) adopting a positive and skilled mental approach.

Search – the road seen ahead, around and rear of the vehicles.

Identity – the potential and immediate hazard on the road.

Predict – the actions of other road users.

Decide – what to do to avoid an unsafe situation.

Keys to Effective Defensive Driving

Concentration

1. Standard of vision, hearing and health all have a bearing on the amount of concentration.
2. The driver must adjust the speed of his vehicle on the degree of concentration he is able to apply.

Driving Plans and Decisions

1. Driving plans should be made on the correct assessment of the changing scene both ahead or to the rear of the vehicle.
2. Driving plans should enable the driver to make decisions in a methodical manner.
3. Plans and decisions are combination of what can be seen, what cannot be seen circumstances which are expected to rise, allowances for the mistakes of other road users.

View from the Vehicle

1. The driver must aim to have the best possible view of the area around the vehicle
2. Windows and windshield must be clean.
3. Washers and wipers should be functioning.
4. Mirrors are properly adjusted at the start of the journey.

Visions affected by speed

1. The driver must adjust the length and the depth of his vision according to the speed trail.
2. Focus further ahead as his speed increases.
3. Road and traffic conditions will govern speed.

Visions affected by fatigue

1. Continuous driving for long periods will cause fatigue which will result in eye strain.
2. Recognition and assessment of dangerous situations will become late and inaccurate.
3. Making it essential to have period of rest.

Weather Conditions

1. Fog, rain, fading daylight or bright sunshine will reduce visibility so speed must be kept low.

Road Surface

A good driver is one that looks ahead and recognizes any change in the road surface.

Keep a steady speed on open roads. Slow down smoothly. Press the gas pedal lightly. Starting up slowly give other drivers and people walking a chance to see what you are doing. They can then judge how to react. When you have reached the speed you want, glance at the speedometer.

DRIVING TECHNIQUES AND SAFETY

Keys to Safe Driving

1. Good vision, look with your eyes but see with your mind.
2. Obeying traffic rules and regulations.
3. Proper care of your car.
4. Be courteous to other road users.
5. Proper signaling. Failure to signal is dangerous and inconsiderate.
6. Physical fitness. Let someone else take the wheel if you are not physically and mentally alert.

Proper Use of Brakes

A good driver uses his brakes. An experienced driver is able to make without using his brakes a great deal and yet be perfectly safe, as compared to the less experienced one who keeps on banging at his brakes every now and then. Skidding is cause by sudden hard and violent braking as the weight of the vehicle is thrown forward and downward thereby subjecting the front suspension to a force greatly in excess of what is normal. Steering therefore becomes unwieldy and because the weight at the back is suddenly transferred to the front, road holding by the rear tires is greatly reduced – hence sliding and skidding. A good driver should therefore be able to anticipate stops by intelligently reading the road and be able to apply progressive light braking and have control of the vehicle at all times, smoothly stopping before any potential hazard with ease.

Steering

In order to be able to have control of the car, the driver must be sitting in the correct comfortable position in relation to his size.

 When turning, hand in the direction you are going should pull down; the other hand allowing the wheel to pass through it, if necessary, the other hand can help by pushing the wheel upward.
 When transferring from one lane to another, or when pulling in after overtaking, the turn should be gradual and never a sudden swerve which may result in skidding.
 A firm, not a tight, grip on the wheel is all that is needed. Never grip tightly on a greasy road.
 Do not move the wheel to and from while driving; a firm straight steer is better.
 Both elbows should be free from obstruction. Never rest eh left elbow on the window frame while driving.
 Never drive off without first having made sure that the seat, mirror, doors windows, etc., are properly adjusted.

Gear Changing

Avoid over-reviving in lower gears- a direct cause of over-hearing, engine wear and high fuel consumption. Do not put unnecessary load on your engine by not changing to lower gear when necessary. Change gear before a potential hazard.

Stopping

A driver should have the ability to judge how much time and space you need to stop your vehicle. The amount of time it takes for you to see when to stop until you step on the brakes is called REACTION TIME.

A driver of a motor vehicle, is considered stopped when passengers and cargoes were loaded and unloaded for about ten (10) minutes or more.

There is no simple way on how long will it take one stop at a certain speed. Signs, signals and traffic rules tell us to stop.

Right of Way Rules are:

1. First Time Vehicle Rule

At all intersections without “stop” or “yield” signs, slow down and prepare to stop. Yield to vehicles already in the intersection or about to enter it.

2. Same Time Vehicle Rule

At all intersections without “stop” or “yield” signs (or with stops in all directions). Yield to the vehicle on your right if it has reached the intersection of same time as your vehicle.

3. Stop Signs

Stop at any limit line or crosswalk. Yield to all approaching vehicles on the through street, go only when it is safe for you to cross. Approaching vehicles should slow down and allow you to get across safely.

4. Left Turn

Signal left turn and yield to approaching traffic until it is completely safe to finish the turn.

5. Rotonda

Vehicles around the rotunda have the right-of-way over vehicles which are just about to enter.

When entering a highway from a driveway, yield the right-of-way to traffic on the highway. Never insist on taking the right-of-way if other drivers are not following the rules, let them have the right-of-way even if it belongs to you to prevent possible accidents, however, do not always insist on other going ahead of you, slowing and stopping may delay the flow of traffic.

Give the Right-of-Way to Emergency Vehicles

One should yield the right-of-way to police cars, fire trucks, ambulances and other emergency vehicles which are sounding a siren or bell or flashing a red light by pulling to the edge of the roadway and stopping. In the event traffic is so congested as to prevent you from safely doing so, slow down and leave a clear path for the emergency vehicles.

Passing

The law places the responsibility on the driver of the passing car, if the driver makes mistakes in passing he is held liable.

Three Important to Remember in Passing

1. It is illegal to speed up when being passed. Continue at the same speed, or reduce your speed.
2. Help other drivers to pass safely. Move to the right side of your lane to give the other driver more room and a better view ahead.
3. Show the passing driver the same courtesy that you would expect from other drivers.

When not to pass – Especially on Roads Marked by Signs

1. At no-passing zone marked by signs or by solid yellow lanes or double-solid yellow lines which indicate no passing.
2. On blind-curves where you would not be able to see oncoming cars, always stay in your own lane on any curve, out of the way of oncoming traffic.
3. On going up a hill, passing is not allowed from 700 to 1,000 feet from the top of a hill.
4. At intersections or railroad crossing-where other vehicles or pedestrians may suddenly appear or unless such intersections is controlled by traffic signal.
5. Near a bridge or underpass hat may cut- off a road shoulder. You or the car passed might need to use the shoulder road in case emergency arises.

Where Passing is not Safe

1. When there is a long time of cars ahead.
2. When you intend to turn or stop very soon.
3. When an incoming car is too close.
4. When the car ahead is going at or near the speed limit. Speed limit is still applied when passing.
5. When sight distance ahead is limited.
6. When the maneuver would have to be completed in a no-passing zone such as hill, curve or intersection.

Passing on the right is permitted only

1. When overtaking another vehicle making or about to make a left turn or signaling intent to make a left turn.
2. On streets and highways marked for multi-lanes; and
3. On one-way traffic streets.

Curves

To make it around a tight curve, keep the turning of the front wheels in line with the sharpness of the curve. When turning right, keep your front wheel close to the center line. This prevents he rear wheels from dropping off the pavement. Curving left keep your front wheels close to the right edge to prevent the rear wheels from drifting into the other lane.

Avoid braking in a curve because this can cause you to skid out of control. Slow down before you get into the curve. Accelerate after you have passed the midpoint of the turn.

------------------
title edited by: prodigy
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PostSubject: Re: Defensive Driving   Thu Apr 26, 2007 11:27 pm

This is very good.

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PostSubject: Re: Defensive Driving   Fri Apr 27, 2007 5:28 am

good tips nice one yhel
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PostSubject: Re: Defensive Driving   Fri Apr 27, 2007 3:09 pm

Thanks pres and vpres.
Medyo mahaba nga lang. Nakuha ko lang to sa cubclub.
Paste ko lang dito para kapag may ibang nagbasa ng forum,
babasahin nila. Kasi masyado na marami nakapost sa cubclub.
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PostSubject: Re: Defensive Driving   Fri Apr 27, 2007 3:47 pm

Nice infos lalo na sa mga hindi nag-driving school.
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PostSubject: Re: Defensive Driving   Sat Apr 28, 2007 12:22 am

Yhel pede ka ba magpagdala hard copy nito?
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PostSubject: Re: Defensive Driving   Sat Apr 28, 2007 6:15 am

Ayus...haba ah! inantok ako sa pagbabasa. ahihihi!

Nice information!
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PostSubject: Re: Defensive Driving   Sun Apr 29, 2007 12:47 am

split_fire wrote:
Yhel pede ka ba magpagdala hard copy nito?

Sige vice print ko bukas, dalhin ko next tambay. Ilang kopya ba?
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PostSubject: Re: Defensive Driving   Wed Dec 05, 2007 4:07 pm

Dagdag ko lang nabasa ko sa A1 driving manual. The max speed limit sa residential areas ay 30kph lang at sa school zones ay 20kph lang. Maraming ako kilala na hindi alam ito at marami ring hindi nakaka-observe nito. Dito lang sa harap namin (residential area kami) matutulin ang mga dumadaan na naka motor.
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PostSubject: Re: Defensive Driving   Thu Dec 06, 2007 9:59 am

Marami nyan..kahit maiksi ang daan, todo birit pa rin.

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PostSubject: Re: Defensive Driving   Thu Dec 06, 2007 11:41 am

huhm parang mahirap tumakbo ng 20 to 30kph! hehehe!joke!

eto naman po sakin max. 90kph na takbo sa gabi...to prevent overide sa headlight! isa to sa mga natutunan ko kay Sir Atoy of MCP
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PostSubject: Re: Defensive Driving   Thu Dec 06, 2007 12:51 pm

Nagagawa ko yang 90kph sa gabi kapag maluwag/walang obstruction sa daan at kapag nagmamadali pagkatapos ng tambay...hehehe.

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PostSubject: Re: Defensive Driving   Thu Dec 06, 2007 1:51 pm

waaaaaaah...naka 130kph ako kanina papasok kasabay ko si Yhel sa may greenfiled gate 4....pero malinis naman at maliwanag....tapos back to 70kph...
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PostSubject: Re: Defensive Driving   Fri Dec 07, 2007 12:02 am

Bilis talaga ng CBR...parang yung driver, mabilis din...hehehe

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PostSubject: Re: Defensive Driving   Fri Dec 07, 2007 3:03 am

Liam wrote:

eto naman po sakin max. 90kph na takbo sa gabi...to prevent overide sa headlight! isa to sa mga natutunan ko kay Sir Atoy of MCP

Korek si fafi dapat 80 - 90kph lang takbo sa gabi di nakasi kakayanin ng preno pagnag.exceed ng 90kph for sure babangga ka na.

Kaya as much as possible maintain lang sa 80 or below pag.night ride.
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PostSubject: Re: Defensive Driving   Fri Dec 07, 2007 2:59 pm

Mas doble ang ingat sa gabi since mahina ang reflexes natin lalo na sa kakulangan ng liwanag. At may mga driver na malabo ang mata, tulad ko.
Bilis ni wency sa greenfield, ang layo ng iwan sa akin eh.
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PostSubject: Re: Defensive Driving   Thu Feb 21, 2008 2:04 am

cycle safety



You already know how much fun riding a motorcycle can be. There's
nothing quite like the exhilaration of cruising the open road and the
challenge of controlling a spirited motorcycle. But motorcycling also
can be dangerous. The latest vehicle mile travel data show
motorcyclists are about 27 times as likely as passenger car occupants
to die in a motor vehicle traffic crash and 6 times as likely to be
injured. Safe motorcycling takes balance, coordination, and good
judgment. Here are some ways to ensure that you'll be around to enjoy
riding your motorcycle for many years to come.



before you take the road



Make sure you are properly licensed Driving a car and riding a
motorcycle require different skills and knowledge. Although
motorcycle-licensing regulations vary, all states require a motorcycle
license endorsement to supplement your automobile driver's license. To
receive the proper endorsement in most states, you'll need to pass
written and on-cycle skills tests administered by your state's
licensing agency.



Some states require you to take a state-sponsored rider education
course. Others waive the on-cycle skills test if you've already taken
and passed a state-approved course. Either way, completing a motorcycle
rider education course is a good way to ensure you have the correct
instruction and experience it takes to ride a motorcycle. For the
motorcycle rider-training course nearest you.



Practice operating your motorcycle



Given the fact that motorcycles vary in handling and
responsiveness, be sure to take the time to get accustomed to the feel
of a new or unfamiliar motorcycle by riding it in a controlled area.
Once you feel comfortable with your bike, you can take it into traffic.
Make sure you know how to handle your motorcycle in a variety of
conditions (e.g., inclement weather or encountering hazards such as
slick roads, potholes, and road debris). If you plan to carry cargo or
a passenger, be prepared to make adjustments to the tires, suspension,
and placement of the load.



Be sure your motorcycle is safe



Before every ride, you should check the tire pressure and tread
depth, hand and foot brakes, headlights and signal indicators, and
fluid levels. You should also check under the motorcycle for signs of
oil or gas leaks. If you're carrying cargo, you should secure and
balance the load on the cycle; and adjust the suspension and tire
pressure to accommodate the extra weight.



If you're carrying a passenger, he or she should mount the
motorcycle only after the engine has started; should sit as far forward
as possible, directly behind you; and should keep both feet on the foot
rests at all times, even when the motorcycle is stopped. Remind your
passenger to keep his or her legs and feet away from the muffler. Tell
your passenger to hold on firmly to your waist, hips, or belt; keep
movement to a minimum; and lean at the same time and in the same
direction as you do. Do not let your passenger dismount the motorcycle
until you say it is safe.



Wear the proper protection



If you're ever in a serious motorcycle crash, the best hope you
have for protecting your brain is a motorcycle helmet. Always wear a
helmet meeting the U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT) Federal
Motor Vehicle Safety Standard (FMVSS) 218. Look for the DOT symbol on
the outside back of the helmet. That is the manufacturer's way of
certifying the helmet meets the DOT standard. A certified helmet also
will have a permanent inside label identifying the manufacturer and
providing information about the care and use of the helmet. Helmets
meeting FMVSS 218 weigh around three pounds; have a thick
polystyrene-foam lining; and sturdy chinstraps. ANSI or Snell labels
are voluntary indicators of helmet quality. Don't leave your helmet
behind on short trips because it could be a deadly mistake. Some
motorcycle helmets, in addition to offering protection to your head in
a crash, include plastic face shields that offer protection from wind,
rain, insects, dust, and stones thrown up from cars. If your helmet
doesn't have a face shield, be sure you wear goggles because eyeglasses
won't keep your eyes from watering, and can easily fall off.



Arms and legs should be completely covered when riding a
motorcycle, ideally by wearing leather or heavy denim. In addition to
providing protection in a crash, protective gear also helps prevent
dehydration. Boots or shoes should be high enough to cover your ankles,
while gloves allow for a better grip and help protect your hands in the
event of a crash. Wearing brightly colored clothing with reflective
material will make you more visible to other vehicle drivers.



Ride responsibly



Experienced riders know local traffic laws - and they don't take
risks. Obey traffic lights, signs, speed limits, and lane markings;
ride with the flow of traffic and leave plenty of room between your
bike and other vehicles; and always check behind you and signal before
you change lanes. Remember to ride defensively. The majority of
multi-vehicle motorcycle crashes generally are caused when other
drivers simply didn't see the motorcyclist. Proceed cautiously at
intersections and yield to pedestrians and other vehicles as
appropriate. You can increase your visibility by applying reflective
materials to your motorcycle and by keeping your motorcycle's
headlights on at all times, even using high beams during the day.



Be alcohol and drug free



Alcohol and drugs, including some prescribed medications,
negatively affect your judgment, coordination, balance, throttle
control, and ability to shift gears. These substances also impair your
alertness and reduce your reaction time. Even when you're fully alert,
it's impossible to predict what other vehicles or pedestrians are going
to do. Therefore, make sure you are alcohol and drug free when you get
on your motorcycle. Otherwise, you'll be heading for trouble.
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PostSubject: Re: Defensive Driving   Thu Feb 21, 2008 2:32 am

Shogun31 wrote:
Mas doble ang ingat sa gabi since mahina ang reflexes natin lalo na sa kakulangan ng liwanag. At may mga driver na malabo ang mata, tulad ko.
Bilis ni wency sa greenfield, ang layo ng iwan sa akin eh.

un naman ay dahil sa mas mataas ang displacement ng m/c nya. minsan talaga hindi natin napapansin na tumutulin na pala tau.
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PostSubject: Re: Defensive Driving   Thu Feb 21, 2008 2:35 am

salamat jigz sa article Wink

good find

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PostSubject: Re: Defensive Driving   Fri Feb 22, 2008 12:38 pm

paano kaya kung walang plaka???

patagotago muna hehehehe!!
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PostSubject: Re: Defensive Driving   Fri Feb 22, 2008 4:04 pm

Afidavit.

Ask ko si Boker...dati yan walang plaka. Pero may document from LTO.

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PostSubject: Re: Defensive Driving   Mon Jul 25, 2011 4:19 am

nice info cheers
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PostSubject: Re: Defensive Driving   Fri May 31, 2013 4:59 pm

UP KO LANG PO ULIT... REMINDER PO MULI PARA SA MGA NEWBIES NA KATULAD KO GAYUNDIN PO NAMAN SA MGA PROs...
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PostSubject: Re: Defensive Driving   Sat Jun 01, 2013 7:23 am

Newbie lang din po ako. Cool
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PostSubject: Re: Defensive Driving   Tue Jun 04, 2013 4:31 am

Master Westley, Master Skywalker. ako po newbie rin

Paalala sa atin lahat lalo na at magtatag ulan
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